Origin CCCP Soviet Union
Role Strategic bomber
Maritime strike
Manufacturer Tupolev
Primary user CCCP AF Soviet Air Force
RUS AF Russian Air Force
General characteristics
Crew 4
Length 42.4 m (139.4 ft)
Wingspan - Spread (20° sweep):
34.28 m (112.6 ft)
- Swept (65° sweep):
23.30 m (76.6 ft)
Height 11.05 m (36 ft 3 in)
Loaded weight 112,000 kg (246,000 lb)
Maximum speed 2,303 km/h (1,431 mph)
Range 6,800 km (4,200 mi)
Tom Clancy's H.A.W.X.
series information
Appearances H.A.W.X.

The Tupolev Tu-22M (Russian: Туполев Ту-22М; NATO reporting name: Backfire) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing, long-range strategic and maritime strike bomber developed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. Manufactured by Tupolev, the Tu-22 entered service with the Soviet military in the 1960s. The last examples were retired during the 1990s. Produced in comparatively small numbers, the aircraft was a disappointment, lacking the intercontinental range that had been expected. Later in their service life, Tu-22s were used as launch platforms for the Soviet Kh-22 standoff missile, and as reconnaissance aircraft. Tu-22s were sold to other nations, including Libya and Iraq. The Tu-22 was one of the few Soviet bombers to see combat; Libyan Tu-22s were used against Tanzania and Chad, and Iraqi Tu-22s were used during the Iran–Iraq War.

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