Origin CCCP Soviet Union
Role Strategic bomber
Maritime strike
Manufacturer Tupolev
Primary user CCCP AF Soviet Air Force
RUS AF Russian Air Force
Ukraine AF Ukraine Air Force
General characteristics
Crew 4
Length 42.4 m (139.4 ft)
Wingspan - Spread (20° sweep):
34.28 m (112.6 ft)
- Swept (65° sweep):
23.30 m (76.6 ft)
Height 11.05 m (36 ft 3 in)
Loaded weight 112,000 kg (246,000 lb)
Maximum speed 2,303 km/h (1,431 mph)
Range 6,800 km (4,200 mi)
Tom Clancy's H.A.W.X.
series information
Appearances H.A.W.X.

The Tupolev Tu-22M (Russian: Туполев Ту-22М; NATO reporting name: Backfire) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing, long-range strategic and maritime strike bomber developed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. Manufactured by Tupolev, the Tu-22 entered service with the Soviet military in the 1960s. The last examples were retired during the 1990s. Produced in comparatively small numbers, the aircraft was a disappointment, lacking the intercontinental range that had been expected. Later in their service life, Tu-22s were used as launch platforms for the Soviet Kh-22 standoff missile, and as reconnaissance aircraft. Tu-22s were sold to other nations, including Libya and Iraq. The Tu-22 was one of the few Soviet bombers to see combat; Libyan Tu-22s were used against Tanzania and Chad, and Iraqi Tu-22s were used during the Iran–Iraq War.

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